A history of the official english language creation

Danish begins to influence English.

Short history of english language

About this time the University of Oxford is founded. Some scholars even believe that Old English and Old Norse underwent a kind of fusion and that the resulting English language might be described as a mixed language or creole. The Oxford History of English. Yet, Proto-Indo-European is believed to be the ancestor of most European languages. English is the language of political negotiations and international business. Late Modern English has many more words, arising from two principal factors: firstly, the Industrial Revolution and technology created a need for new words; secondly, the British Empire at its height covered one quarter of the earth's surface, and the English language adopted foreign words from many countries. They were the Saxons and the Jutes. Origins and basic characteristics English belongs to the Indo-European family of languages and is therefore related to most other languages spoken in Europe and western Asia from Iceland to India. But, it has also proved itself the most flexible and resilient of languages, remarkable for its ability to adopt and absorb vocabulary from other cultures. Even the older spellings including those where u stands for v or vice versa are recognizable, however, and there are only a few words like ipotaynes "hippopotamuses" and sithes "times" that have dropped out of the language altogether. Native English speakers now would have great difficulty understanding Old English.

Richard Nordquist is a freelance writer and former professor of English and Rhetoric who wrote college-level Grammar and Composition textbooks. It is also considered to have stimulated and accelerated the morphological simplification found in Middle English, such as the loss of grammatical gender and explicitly marked case except in pronouns.

english language family

The inflectional system regularised many irregular inflectional forms, [44] and gradually simplified the system of agreement, making word order less flexible.

Norse influence was strongest in the north-eastern varieties of Old English spoken in the Danelaw area around York, which was the centre of Norse colonisation; today these features are still particularly present in Scots and Northern English.

development of english language

The older plural noun marker -en retained in a few cases such as children and oxen largely gave way to -s, and grammatical gender was discarded. Later texts from the Middle English era, now based on an eastern Midland rather than a Wessex standard, reflect the significant impact that Norse had on the language.

Colonialism brought with it a double-edged sword.

English language language family

British English is also undergoing change under the influence of American English, fuelled by the strong presence of American English in the media and the prestige associated with the US as a world power. Yet, Proto-Indo-European is believed to be the ancestor of most European languages. A History of the English Language. An interesting fact to note is that this period has been attributed with the loss of case endings that ultimately resulted in inflection markers being replaced by more complex features of the language. When they obtained political independence, some of the newly independent nations that had multiple indigenous languages opted to continue using English as the official language to avoid the political and other difficulties inherent in promoting any one indigenous language above the others. The use of progressive forms in -ing, appears to be spreading to new constructions, and forms such as had been being built are becoming more common. The English Renaissance has much quieter foundations than its pan-European cousin, the Italian Renaissance, and sprouted during the end of the 15th century.

Probably significant numbers of Norse speakers settled in the Danelaw during the period of Scandinavian control. The invention of printing also meant that there was now a common language in print. Wadsworth,

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History of English