Street names include Arnolds, gym candy, pumpers, roids, and stackers. Adverse effects of anabolic steroids in athletes: a constant threat. Generaly, parenteral AS dosing require intramuscular dosing once every 2 to 12 weeks, depending on the carboxylic acid groups added [ 9 ]. For both medical and illegal purposes, AASs can be taken : by mouth as pellets implanted under the skin by injection through the skin as a cream or gel Oral forms are taken by mouth.
This book is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4. Once an AS-ester hits the bloodstream, enzymes called esterases rapidly split off the fatty acid.
Others, such as anadur, have no therapeutic use, but athletes use them. Anabolic steroids and cardiovascular risk. Hoffman, J. Anabolic steroids, also called anabolic-androgenic steroids AASscan build muscle and improve athletic performance, but they can also have significant adverse effects, especially when used incorrectly.