How to write a research paper discussion section

This result should be interpreted with caution because each of the 3 subjects used in the analysis for the high-cholesterol group finished the study with an identical plasma cholesterol concentration of 8 mM probably coincidentally.

How to write a research discussion guide

Organization and Structure Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid. Hypothesis: a more general claim or possible conclusion arising from the results [which may be proved or disproved in subsequent research]. This part of the discussion should begin with a description of the unanticipated finding, followed by a brief interpretation as to why you believe it appeared and, if necessary, its possible significance in relation to the overall study. What is your plagiarism score? The focus of this paragraph is to highlight the most important contribution that your study has made. One guideline for staging the discussion is shown here based on extracts from the discussion in one of the cholesterol reports. Stage 4 Identify problems in experimental technique and suggest improvements can combine with Stage 3. Analyzing vs. References to previous research: either compare your results with the findings from other studies or use the studies to support a claim. How does your result s fit with existing literature? A strong Discussion section provides a great deal of analytical depth. Overall Objectives The objectives of your discussion section should include the following: I. Additional findings major and minor can be described in subsequent paragraphs.

University College Writing Centre. Summarize the major gap in understanding that your work is attempting to fill. It is also necessary to contextualize the meaning of your findings for the reader.

How to write discussion in thesis ppt

The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of statistical significance. Stage 5 State the significance or implications of your experimental findings and recommend areas of future research. What was your overall approach for studying the gap? Paragraph 2: This paragraph provides a critical analysis of your major finding s. This result should be interpreted with caution because each of the 3 subjects used in the analysis for the high-cholesterol group finished the study with an identical plasma cholesterol concentration of 8 mM probably coincidentally. Bates College; Hess, Dean R. Limitations might be due to your overall research design, specific methodological choices , or unanticipated obstacles that emerged during the research process. An effective discussion section tells the reader what your study means and why it is important.

Follow a logical stream of thought. Examples The generalizability of the results is limited by… The reliability of this data is impacted by… Due to the lack of available data, the results cannot confirm… The methodological choices were constrained by… It is beyond the scope of this study to… State your recommendations Based on the discussion of your results, you can make recommendations for practical implementation or further research.

Making recommendations for follow-up studies is an important part of a Discussion. The protocols and, if necessary, the assays must be criticised. San Francisco Edit, Most studies yield new discoveries that prompt additional studies.

In the following example, we state the approach bold and the main result underline. If more than one unexpected finding emerged during the study, describe each them in the order they appeared as you gathered the data.

As noted, the exception to discussing findings in the same order you described them in the results section would be to begin by highlighting the implications of a particularly unexpected or significant finding that emerged from the study, followed by a discussion of the remaining findings.

The discussion must focus on implications and criticisms of the study as a whole rather than on the idiosyncrasies of individual results.

conclusion section of a research paper
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DISCUSSION: Summary